Liver Disease


Stages of Liver Disease

The liver is one of the largest organ in the human body and is essential for proper functioning of the body. Liver synthesizes proteins, bile acids, and cholesterol. It keeps a balance between nutrients and chemicals such as glucose, cholesterol, fat, vtamin, and hormones and aids in the excretion of many waste products such as bilirubin, cholesterol, toxins, and drugs.

There are four stages of liver damage: inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and cancer.
The liver can become inflamed due to certain conditions, the use of alcohol and certain chemicals.
Conditions that can cause liver inflammation Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, autoimmune hepatitis, etc.. Extensive use of alcohol also causes inflammation of the liver. Some drugs and industrial pollutants can affect the liver. Inflammation is characterized by redness, swelling, heat and pain may be in the heart.
The second stage of liver disease is fibrosis or scar tissue. After a heart inflamed for long periods of time, the liver tissue to accumulate. At this stage of liver function gradually declined.
The third stage of liver disease called cirrhosis. When the liver has been damaged by inflammation and fibrosis, is not functioning properly. Accumulation of scar tissue blood flow through the liver, can eventually damage and did not even function normally. Some of the symptoms of cirrhosis is the final stage of edema, bruising and bleeding, jaundice, gallstones, and increased toxins in the blood, blood vessels dilate, and diabetes.

If heart disease is not treated in the three earlier stages, cancer may develop. Liver cancer or hepatocellular carcinoma, affecting about 4% of patients with cirrhosis. A liver transplant is one option for treating liver cancer.

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